MARPOL 73/78 has been around for 36 years now, yet compliance is still a major cause for concern. P & I Clubs report that pollution incidents are still responsible for a significant percentage of total claims.
Most of the spills of oil and chemicals, and dumping of garbage, are due mainly to failures on the part of management and crew, for a number of reasons.
IDESS I.T. is currently producing a series of e-learning modules on MARPOL that seek to address many of the "human element" barriers to compliance.